Toenail fungus is categorized in specific classifications, which often have different symptoms and signs. However, in general, individuals experiencing nail fungus infection often experience onychomycosis, the most common nail fungus that produces a ragged, crumbling or brittle nail that is distorted in its appearance and thick. It often produces a dull nail without shine or luster, while darkening the entire toenail bed by the buildup of debris just under the nail.
Over time, the infection of toenail fungus will begin to separate itself from the nail bed. During this process, you will likely notice significant pain on the toes along with the detection of a slight foul odor. Without proper treatment, the condition can persist for an indefinite period and begin to produce a yellow or white spot just under the nail tips.
You May Want to Know The Cause of Toenail Fungus
Generally, toenail fungus infections are caused by dermatophytes (a microscopic fungi organism). However, they can also be the result of a mold or yeast. The most common type of fungi does not require sunlight in its ability to survive. They thrive in moist, warm environments they can easily invade the skin through invisible or tiny cuts, or make their way through the tiny separation between the nail bed and the nail. When the nails are continuously exposed to moisture and warmth, it can produce the ideal condition for the spreading growth of fungi.
More often than not, nail fungus will occur in an individual’s toenails rather than their fingernails. This is because toenails tend to be confined throughout the day inside shoes creating a moist, warm and dark environment. In addition, diminished blood flow circulation to the feet and toes creates a situation where the body’s natural immune system is unable to detect, locate and eliminate the fungi infection.
Certainly There Are People Who Have Higher Risks
Aging individuals tend to be at the greatest risk of nail fungus. This is because they typically have diminished blood flow circulation and significant years of exposure to harmful fungi. When individuals age, the nails tend to grow thick and more slowly, creating the ideal susceptible environment for infection. Men tend to be affected more by nail fungus than women, along with those that have a significant family history of fungus infection. Other conditions that can exacerbate the risks include:
- Heavy perspiration
- Psoriasis – https://www.psoriasis.org
- Working in a moist or humid environment
- Wearing low-quality socks and shoes that do not absorb perspiration and hinder ventilation
- Barefoot walking in damp places (shower rooms, gymnasiums, swimming pools, etc.)
- Tinea pedis (athlete’s foot – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Athlete’s_foot)
- A nail or skin injury
- An infected or damage nail
- Circulatory or diabetic problems
- A weakened immune system – https://www.zocdoc.com/answers/11430/what-causes-a-persons-immune-system-to-be-compromised
This Problem Also Can Have Major Complications
Other than being extremely painful, nail fungus can create permanent damage to the nail beds and nail. Many times, it causes a serious infection that easily spreads far beyond the feet, especially if the individual experiences a suppressed immune system caused by diabetes, medication or other health condition. Individuals that have a challenged nerve supply, lowered blood circulation or diabetes often have issues with the feet including nail bed fungus susceptibility. Because of that, it is essential to get rid of bad toenail fungus by treating the infection to avoid serious complications that might require immediate medical care.
A primary health care provider can easily detect nail fungus conditions and offer an effective treatment using medication. This includes oral drugs, topical medications and even surgery in cases that are extreme and severe. Some doctors use photodynamic and/or lasers therapies.
In addition, lifestyle changes including avoiding damp and dark areas can minimize the growth of fungus. Many home remedies offer a variety of solutions for inhibiting the growth of specific fungus and bacteria. With proper care, the condition can be treated and controlled to minimize pain and permanent damage.
Remember though, just like any other problems we experience with our bodies we should take the time to consult with our family doctors, or a physician so we know exactly what we are dealing with. By knowing what the problem is we are then able to choose a treatment along with our doctor and then treat the illness in an effective way.
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